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Effects Of Global Warming

Global warming can bring many long-lasting and devastating consequences to Earth and all its occupants. It is a well-known fact that global warming is real and Is caused by human activity, primarily the burning of fossil fuels that pump carbon dioxide (CO), methane and other greenhouse gases Into the atmosphere. One of the most noticeable effect of global warming Is Ice around the Earth Is melting, especially at the Earth’s poles. These Ice Includes Ice sheets covering West Antarctica and Greenland, Artic sea Ice and mountain glaciers.

In the year 2012, scientist saw the smallest amount of Artic Ice cover In the Artic Sea. Analyst project that the Artic sea will be completely free of Ice In a matter of years. Another prominent effect of global warming Is the rolling sea level. Sea level rise became faster over the last century that Is caused by melting polar Ice In the Arctic and Antarctic region, coupled with melting ice sheets and glaciers across Greenland, North America, South America, Europe and Asia. Since year 1870, the global sea level has risen about 8 inches.

If the sea level continues to rise, many coastal areas and low laying ground will be flooded and those places can’t be populated by humans. Fossil fuels such as petrol, methane and propane contain mostly carbon. When these fuels are burned, they react with oxygen and produce carbon dioxide. Because of our heavy use of fossil fuels, the amount of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere has been increasing since the industrial revolution. The destruction of forests which use carbon dioxide also contributes to the increase in carbon dioxide.

The level of carbon oxide, (CO) in the atmosphere increases, ocean acidification occurs as the oceans absorb some of that CO, which increases the acidity of seawater. Since the Industrial Revolution began in the early sass, the acidity of the oceans has increased about 25 percent, according to the EPA (Environment Protection Agency of the USA). Flora and fauna across the globe are also affected by global warming. The Increase in temperature caused by global warming causes both plants and animals to migrate towards higher altitude or a place with cooler climate.

Artic animals, such as the polar bear is severely affected by the rising temperatures caused by global warming causing their numbers to decrease and their body size shrink due to Increased scarcity of food as other animals In the Artic are also decreasing In number. As dramatic as the effects of climate change are expected to be on the natural world, the projected changes to human society may be even more devastating. Crops failure and livestock shortage will occur the due to the combined Impacts of drought, ever weather, and lack of snowbell due to the occurrence of global warming.

This worldwide. The effect of global warming on human health is also expected to be serious. An increase in mosquito-borne diseases like malaria and dengue fever, as well as a rise in cases of chronic conditions like asthma as reported by the American Medical Association is most likely as a direct result of global warming. The warmer climate is optimum for mosquitoes to breed. This increases the number of mosquitoes, hence causing more mosquito-borne diseases.