There has been a particularly alarming effect of global warming on the climate of India. India Is already a disaster prone area, with the statistics of 27 out of 35 states being disaster prone, with most disasters being water related.
The process of global warming has led to an increase in the frequency and intensity of these climatic disasters. According to surveys, in the year 2007-2008, India ranked the third highest in the world regarding the number of significant disasters, with 18 such events in one year, resulting in the death of 1103 people due to these catastrophes. The anticipated Increase In precipitation, the melting of glaciers and expanding seas are projected to influence the Indian climate particularly severely, with an increase in incidence of floods, hurricanes, and storms.
Rising Temperatures on the Tibetan Plateau are causing the melting of the Himalayan glaciers, reducing the water flow In the rivers Ganges, Paramount, Yamaha, and other major rivers, on which the livelihoods of hundreds of thousands of farmers depend. (169 words) The process of global warming continues to Increase, resulting climatic disasters would cause a crease in Indian’s GAP to decline by about 9%, with a decrease by 40% of the production of the major crops. 35 words) Community based disaster preparedness (CAP) The ministry of Home Affairs, government of India has taken an initiative at local level known as the community based disaster preparedness. It functions with the help of disasters by monopolizing them easily, and helping in providing relief to the affected community. (48 words) The ongoing climatic changes, with an increase in a possibility of more disasters impose imperatives for a unity among all these bodies, resulting in n integrated risk management framework, creating a common platform for the committees to work on.
India has a distinctive vulnerability profile as the poor are the most affected. Tremendous weather events take place more frequently and are becoming more ruthless. Therefore the previous attempts of Just rescuing the affected will not be enough now, instead, meticulous steps to prevent these disasters are required. This can only be met if the strategies and policies can cope with climate change, requiring the active participation of the government and the people. (112 words)